Misuse of Biology

The science of biology has deciphered many techniques for the interest of human prosperity, but misuse of these techniques has created numerous problems to the human race. As for instance, amniocentesis is a technique used to diagnose fetal abnormalities by drawing a sample of amniotic fluid by a hypodermic needle inserted through the mother's abdomen into the uterus.

Amniotic fluid contains cell and molecules shed by the fetus. Cultured in the laboratory, these cells can reveal several types of defects like down's syndrome, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy. If disease is detected through such an antenatal diagnosis, abortion of fetus can then be recommended. Bedsides, by amniocentesis, one can know the sex of the fetus because the sex chromosomes of the baby will be visible in the cells withdrawn in the sample of amniotic fluid.

Used for making Bioweapons:-

Biological techniques are being increasingly misused to produce improved variety of infective agents for using them as bioweapons. As for instance, anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. The spore of B.anthracis can be stored for decades and can be released in the enemy area to spread disease in an endamic or epidemic scale.

Thus biologist are required to play an active role in creating awareness about the impact of misuse of biology on the human society and the living world.

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